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Exploration of Ethical Leadership Understanding

The purpose of this study was to investigate how ethical leadership is understood in the Zimbabwe NGOs sector among the eight selected NGO leaders and three key informants who participated in the research. A qualitative methodology was employed, and detailed interviews were conducted with the study participants to collect the required data. Accordingly, the research design is a multiple case study taking a cross-sectional form. Data collection involves semi-structured interviews focused on exploring the study participants’ views on ethical leadership based on their expertise and lived experiences working in or with the NGOs within the Zimbabwe context. Data analysis used thematic analysis based on the themes identified in the literature. The major finding was that ethical leadership comprises ethical values, moral competence and good conduct in society with the objective to respond to societal needs and problems for the common good. From the findings, it is concluded that ethical leadership might appear easy to understand conceptually but clearly difficult to practise consistently due to several contextual factors that include personal values and prevailing economic situation.

Keywords: Behaviour, Ethics, Ethical leadership, Moral, Moral competence, Values,


Pindai Sithole

Dr. Pindai Sithole has Professional Experience in: Research and Writing; Results-Based Strategy Development; Policy Development; Monitoring and Evaluation; Teaching at university level; Gender and Economic Empowerment; Child Rights and Social Protection; Sustainable Development; Community/Stakeholder Engagement; Climate Change and Community Resilience; and Indigenous Knowledge Systems for Development.